Research: Curcumin Could Be as Efficient as Omeprazole for Treating Practical Dyspepsia


Curcumin is an lively ingredient within the culinary spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). This compound reveals a broad vary of organic properties, akin to anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiproliferative and antimicrobial properties. In accordance with new analysis, curcumin and omeprazole have comparable efficacy for useful dyspepsia with no apparent synergistic impact.

Patients with functional dyspepsia treated with curcumin, curcumin plus omeprazole and omeprazole had similar significant symptomatic improvement. Image credit: Andrea Ajale.

Sufferers with useful dyspepsia handled with curcumin, curcumin plus omeprazole and omeprazole had comparable important symptomatic enchancment. Picture credit score: Andrea Ajale.

Practical dyspepsia is a incessantly occurring dysfunction that may be attributable to a wide range of elements, with no proof of different structural illnesses that exhibit comparable signs.

Though dyspepsia is frequent, many sufferers don’t schedule an appointment with a physician to deal with this situation.

1 / 4 of sufferers with dyspepsia have signs that require particular therapy, whereas the remainder shouldn’t have signs that outline them as useful dyspepsia.

In a main care setting, the preliminary method for managing useful dyspepsia usually includes a mixture of behavioral and dietary modifications, in addition to over-the-counter medicines.

Behavioral and dietary modifications goal to handle triggers and life-style elements that will contribute to the signs.

Over-the-counter proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) akin to omeprazole are generally advisable in a number of nations as a primary line medicine, however sufferers with persistent signs might require additional medical consideration to discover the potential for Helicobacter pylori an infection.

Turmeric has a protracted historical past of intensive use. This plant has a helpful lively compound, curcumin, which is used each topically and orally for medicinal functions.

Whereas curcumin is usually present in nourishing lotions and cosmetics, it’s also obtainable within the type of powder capsules used for treating numerous gastrointestinal issues, together with dyspepsia.

Current research instructed that curcumin might supply reasonable enchancment in dyspepsia signs in contrast with placebo. Nonetheless, there’s at the moment an absence of head-to-head proof evaluating the efficacy of curcumin with typical medicine.

Among the many Thai inhabitants and people residing close to Thailand, turmeric is incessantly used to alleviate dyspepsia-like signs. Nonetheless, typical physicians have been hesitant to think about this natural medication as the first therapy for useful dyspepsia, primarily as a result of an absence of analysis evaluating the effectiveness and unwanted side effects of curcumin with PPIs.

“We aimed to match the efficacy of curcumin with a PPI within the therapy of sufferers with useful dyspepsia,” stated Dr. Krit Pongpirul from the Chulalongkorn College College of Medication and colleagues.

Within the examine, the researchers randomly assigned 206 sufferers aged 18-70 with useful dyspepsia recruited from hospitals in Thailand between 2019 and 2021, to considered one of three therapy teams for a interval of 28 days.

These have been: turmeric (two giant 250 mg capsules of curcumin Four instances a day) and one small dummy capsule (69 sufferers); omeprazole (one small 20 mg capsule every day and two giant dummy capsules Four instances a day (68 sufferers); and turmeric plus omeprazole (69 sufferers).

Of the 206 sufferers enrolled, 151 accomplished the examine, with 20 within the curcumin group; 19 within the omeprazole group; and 16 within the mixed therapy group, dropping out.

Sufferers in all three teams had comparable medical traits and indigestion scores, as assessed by the Severity of Dyspepsia Evaluation rating (SODA) firstly of the trial.

Sufferers have been reassessed after 28 days after which once more after 56 days.

SODA scores indicated important reductions in symptom severity by day 28 for ache (-4.83, -5.46 and -6.22) and different signs (-2.22, -2.32, and -2.31) for these within the mixed, curcumin alone, and omeprazole alone teams, respectively.

These enhancements have been even stronger after 56 days for ache (-7.19, -8.07 and -8.85, respectively) and different signs (-4.09, -4.12 and -3.71, respectively).

SODA additionally captures satisfaction scores: these scarcely modified over time among the many curcumin customers, which could presumably be associated to its style and/or odor.

“No critical unwanted side effects have been reported, though liver operate assessments indicated some degree of decay amongst curcumin customers carrying extra weight,” the authors stated.

“This multicentre randomised managed trial gives extremely dependable proof for the therapy of useful dyspepsia.”

“The findings from our examine might justify contemplating curcumin in medical apply.”

The examine was publsihed within the journal BMJ Proof-Primarily based Medication.


P. Kongkam et al. Curcumin and proton pump inhibitors for useful dyspepsia: a randomised, double blind managed trial. BMJ Proof-Primarily based Medication, printed on-line September 11, 2023; doi: 10.1136/bmjebm-2022-112231



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